Gas Turbine Blade Cooling

Gas Turbine Blade Cooling PDF Author: Chaitanya D Ghodke
Publisher: SAE International
ISBN: 0768095026
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 238

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Book Description
Gas turbines play an extremely important role in fulfilling a variety of power needs and are mainly used for power generation and propulsion applications. The performance and efficiency of gas turbine engines are to a large extent dependent on turbine rotor inlet temperatures: typically, the hotter the better. In gas turbines, the combustion temperature and the fuel efficiency are limited by the heat transfer properties of the turbine blades. However, in pushing the limits of hot gas temperatures while preventing the melting of blade components in high-pressure turbines, the use of effective cooling technologies is critical. Increasing the turbine inlet temperature also increases heat transferred to the turbine blade, and it is possible that the operating temperature could reach far above permissible metal temperature. In such cases, insufficient cooling of turbine blades results in excessive thermal stress on the blades causing premature blade failure. This may bring hazards to the engine's safe operation. Gas Turbine Blade Cooling, edited by Dr. Chaitanya D. Ghodke, offers 10 handpicked SAE International's technical papers, which identify key aspects of turbine blade cooling and help readers understand how this process can improve the performance of turbine hardware.

Gas Turbine Blade Cooling

Gas Turbine Blade Cooling PDF Author: Chaitanya D Ghodke
Publisher: SAE International
ISBN: 0768095026
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 238

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Book Description
Gas turbines play an extremely important role in fulfilling a variety of power needs and are mainly used for power generation and propulsion applications. The performance and efficiency of gas turbine engines are to a large extent dependent on turbine rotor inlet temperatures: typically, the hotter the better. In gas turbines, the combustion temperature and the fuel efficiency are limited by the heat transfer properties of the turbine blades. However, in pushing the limits of hot gas temperatures while preventing the melting of blade components in high-pressure turbines, the use of effective cooling technologies is critical. Increasing the turbine inlet temperature also increases heat transferred to the turbine blade, and it is possible that the operating temperature could reach far above permissible metal temperature. In such cases, insufficient cooling of turbine blades results in excessive thermal stress on the blades causing premature blade failure. This may bring hazards to the engine's safe operation. Gas Turbine Blade Cooling, edited by Dr. Chaitanya D. Ghodke, offers 10 handpicked SAE International's technical papers, which identify key aspects of turbine blade cooling and help readers understand how this process can improve the performance of turbine hardware.

Gas Turbine Heat Transfer and Cooling Technology, Second Edition

Gas Turbine Heat Transfer and Cooling Technology, Second Edition PDF Author: Je-Chin Han
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 1439855684
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 892

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Book Description
A comprehensive reference for engineers and researchers, Gas Turbine Heat Transfer and Cooling Technology, Second Edition has been completely revised and updated to reflect advances in the field made during the past ten years. The second edition retains the format that made the first edition so popular and adds new information mainly based on selected published papers in the open literature. See What’s New in the Second Edition: State-of-the-art cooling technologies such as advanced turbine blade film cooling and internal cooling Modern experimental methods for gas turbine heat transfer and cooling research Advanced computational models for gas turbine heat transfer and cooling performance predictions Suggestions for future research in this critical technology The book discusses the need for turbine cooling, gas turbine heat-transfer problems, and cooling methodology and covers turbine rotor and stator heat-transfer issues, including endwall and blade tip regions under engine conditions, as well as under simulated engine conditions. It then examines turbine rotor and stator blade film cooling and discusses the unsteady high free-stream turbulence effect on simulated cascade airfoils. From here, the book explores impingement cooling, rib-turbulent cooling, pin-fin cooling, and compound and new cooling techniques. It also highlights the effect of rotation on rotor coolant passage heat transfer. Coverage of experimental methods includes heat-transfer and mass-transfer techniques, liquid crystal thermography, optical techniques, as well as flow and thermal measurement techniques. The book concludes with discussions of governing equations and turbulence models and their applications for predicting turbine blade heat transfer and film cooling, and turbine blade internal cooling.

Gas Turbine Heat Transfer and Cooling Technology

Gas Turbine Heat Transfer and Cooling Technology PDF Author: Je-Chin Han
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
ISBN: 1466564903
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 887

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Book Description
A comprehensive reference for engineers and researchers, Gas Turbine Heat Transfer and Cooling Technology, Second Edition has been completely revised and updated to reflect advances in the field made during the past ten years. The second edition retains the format that made the first edition so popular and adds new information mainly based on selec

Effects of Film Cooling on Turbine Blade Tip Flow Structures and Thermal Loading

Effects of Film Cooling on Turbine Blade Tip Flow Structures and Thermal Loading PDF Author: Louis Edward Christensen
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Aerospace engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 0

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Book Description
Gas turbine engines are an essential technology in aviation and power generation. One of the challenges associated with increasing the efficiency of gas turbines is the thermal loading experienced by the engine components downstream of the combustors especially the high-pressure turbine blades. High temperatures and rotational velocities can cause blade failures in numerous ways such as creep or stress rupture. Technologies like film cooling are implemented in these components to lower the thermal loading and reduce the risk of failure. However, these introduce complexities into the flow which in turn increases the difficulty of predicting the performance of film cooled turbines. Accurately predicting the capabilities of these components is essential to prevent failure in gas turbine engines. Engineers use a combination of experiments and computational simulations to understand how these technologies perform and predict the operating conditions and lifespan of these components. A combined experimental and numerical program is performed on a single stage high-pressure turbine to increase understanding of film cooling in gas turbines and improve computational methods used to predict their performance. The turbine studied is a contemporary production model from Honeywell Aerospace with both cooled and uncooled turbine blades. The experimental work is performed at The Ohio State University Gas Turbine Laboratory Turbine Test Facility, a short duration facility operating at engine corrected conditions. The experiments capture heat flux, temperature, and pressure data across the entire blade, but this work will focus on the turbine blade tip data. Tip temperature data are captured using a high-speed infrared camera providing a unique data set unseen in the current literature. In addition to the experiments, transient conjugate heat transfer simulations of a single turbine passage are performed to recreate the experiments and give insight into the flow field in the tip region of the turbine blades. The experiments and simulations are conducted to provide a better understanding of the interactions of the film cooling and tip flows along with their relationship to the thermal loading on the turbine blade tip. Film cooling in the tip region adds complexity to the flow and a non-intuitive relationship exists between film cooling and thermal loading. Addition of cooling is not guaranteed to reduce the thermal loading on the blade tips. Cooling jets can displace hot gases protecting the blade, but they are also capable of shifting flow structures and trapping hot gases near the blade surface especially so in corners of the blade tips. These direct and indirect methods of altering the thermal loading open a new path to optimization where engineers consider how the coolant alters the flow in addition to forming a protective layer of cool gas. This can be done to more effectively use coolant not only in the blade tips but elsewhere on the turbine blades leading to higher engine efficiencies and more sustainable gas turbine engines.

Gas Turbine Blade Cooling

Gas Turbine Blade Cooling PDF Author: Chaitanya D Ghodke
Publisher: SAE International
ISBN: 0768095034
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 238

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Book Description
Gas turbines play an extremely important role in fulfilling a variety of power needs and are mainly used for power generation and propulsion applications. The performance and efficiency of gas turbine engines are to a large extent dependent on turbine rotor inlet temperatures: typically, the hotter the better. In gas turbines, the combustion temperature and the fuel efficiency are limited by the heat transfer properties of the turbine blades. However, in pushing the limits of hot gas temperatures while preventing the melting of blade components in high-pressure turbines, the use of effective cooling technologies is critical. Increasing the turbine inlet temperature also increases heat transferred to the turbine blade, and it is possible that the operating temperature could reach far above permissible metal temperature. In such cases, insufficient cooling of turbine blades results in excessive thermal stress on the blades causing premature blade failure. This may bring hazards to the engine's safe operation. Gas Turbine Blade Cooling, edited by Dr. Chaitanya D. Ghodke, offers 10 handpicked SAE International's technical papers, which identify key aspects of turbine blade cooling and help readers understand how this process can improve the performance of turbine hardware.

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook

Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook PDF Author: Meherwan P. Boyce
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080456898
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 962

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Book Description
The Gas Turbine Engineering Handbook has been the standard for engineers involved in the design, selection, and operation of gas turbines. This revision includes new case histories, the latest techniques, and new designs to comply with recently passed legislation. By keeping the book up to date with new, emerging topics, Boyce ensures that this book will remain the standard and most widely used book in this field. The new Third Edition of the Gas Turbine Engineering Hand Book updates the book to cover the new generation of Advanced gas Turbines. It examines the benefit and some of the major problems that have been encountered by these new turbines. The book keeps abreast of the environmental changes and the industries answer to these new regulations. A new chapter on case histories has been added to enable the engineer in the field to keep abreast of problems that are being encountered and the solutions that have resulted in solving them. Comprehensive treatment of Gas Turbines from Design to Operation and Maintenance. In depth treatment of Compressors with emphasis on surge, rotating stall, and choke; Combustors with emphasis on Dry Low NOx Combustors; and Turbines with emphasis on Metallurgy and new cooling schemes. An excellent introductory book for the student and field engineers A special maintenance section dealing with the advanced gas turbines, and special diagnostic charts have been provided that will enable the reader to troubleshoot problems he encounters in the field The third edition consists of many Case Histories of Gas Turbine problems. This should enable the field engineer to avoid some of these same generic problems

Air Cooling of a Slotted Gas Turbine Blade

Air Cooling of a Slotted Gas Turbine Blade PDF Author: A. L. Rasmussen
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Aeronautics
Languages : en
Pages : 90

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Book Description


Boundary Layer Control as a Method of Gas Turbine Blade Cooling

Boundary Layer Control as a Method of Gas Turbine Blade Cooling PDF Author: Dwight Osten Ness
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Aeronautics
Languages : en
Pages : 96

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Book Description


Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery

Fluid Mechanics and Thermodynamics of Turbomachinery PDF Author: S. Larry Dixon
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080470627
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 412

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Book Description
The new edition will continue to be of use to engineers in industry and technological establishments, especially as brief reviews are included on many important aspects of Turbomachinery, giving pointers towards more advanced sources of information. For readers looking towards the wider reaches of the subject area, very useful additional reading is referenced in the bibliography. The subject of Turbomachinery is in continual review, and while the basics do not change, research can lead to refinements in popular methods, and new data can emerge. This book has applications for professionals and students in many subsets of the mechanical engineering discipline, with carryover into thermal sciences; which include fluid mechanics, combustion and heat transfer; dynamics and vibrations, as well as structural mechanics and materials engineering. An important, long overdue new chapter on Wind Turbines, with a focus on blade aerodynamics, with useful worked examples Includes important material on axial flow compressors and pumps Example questions and answers throughout

Combined Heating, Cooling & Power Handbook

Combined Heating, Cooling & Power Handbook PDF Author: Neil Petchers
Publisher: The Fairmont Press, Inc.
ISBN: 0881733490
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 875

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Book Description
Many of the economic road blocks which have previously served to discourage the implementation of alternative power generation technologies can now be readily overcome through effective energy resource optimization. It is now a fact that solid financial returns can be achieved from combined heating, cooling and power generation projects by integrating energy and cost efficiency goals, and seeking a match between power production and heating/cooling requirements. This book is intended to serve as a road map to those seeking to realize optimum economic returns on such projects. The first section provides an introduction to basic heat and power thermodynamics, with an overview of heat and power generation technologies and equipment. The second section explores the infrastructure in which the project must be implemented, including environmental considerations, as well as utility rate structures. The third section provides detailed coverage of a broad range of technology types, and discusses how opportunities for their application can be identified and successfully exploited. The final section takes you through each step of project development, implementation and operation. Numerous examples are provided of actual field applications, with supporting documentation of system layouts and performance. The text is supplemented with more than one thousand graphics, including photos, cutaway drawings, layout schematics, performance curves, and data tables.