Stonehenge & Timber Circles

Stonehenge & Timber Circles PDF Author: Alex M. Gibson
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

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Book Description
Praised by The Archaeologist as "a very readable and stimulating review," the author's ground-breaking study of 1998 is brought up-to-date in the light of the latest archaeological evidence. The author shows how Stonehenge can help us to understand the Neolithic and Bronze Age timber circles of Britain and Ireland, and how these timber circles aid our understanding of Stonehenge. He attempts their reconstruction, discusses their possible usages and functions, and describes how rituals may have changed through time. The relationship of timber circles with henges and stone circles is also explored.

Stonehenge & Timber Circles

Stonehenge & Timber Circles PDF Author: Alex M. Gibson
Publisher: Tempus Pub Limited
ISBN:
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 160

View

Book Description
Praised by The Archaeologist as "a very readable and stimulating review," the author's ground-breaking study of 1998 is brought up-to-date in the light of the latest archaeological evidence. The author shows how Stonehenge can help us to understand the Neolithic and Bronze Age timber circles of Britain and Ireland, and how these timber circles aid our understanding of Stonehenge. He attempts their reconstruction, discusses their possible usages and functions, and describes how rituals may have changed through time. The relationship of timber circles with henges and stone circles is also explored.

Neolithic Scotland

Neolithic Scotland PDF Author: Gordon Noble
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 0748626980
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
This is an account of the Neolithic period in Scotland from its earliest traces around 4000 BC to the transformation of Neolithic society in the Early Bronze Age fifteen hundred years later. Gordon Noble inteprets Scottish material in the context of debates and issues in European archaeology, comparing sites and practices identified in Scotland to those found elsewhere in Britain and beyond. He considers the nature and effects of memory, sea and land travel, ritualisation, island identities, mortuary practice, symbolism and environmental impact. He synthesises excavations and research conducted over the last century and more, bringing together the evidence for understanding what happened in Scotland during this long period. His long-term and regionally based analysis suggests new directions for the interpretation of the Neolithic more generally. After outlining the chronology of the Neolithic in Europe Dr Noble considers its origins in Scotland. He investigates why the Earlier Neolithic in Scotland is characterised by regionally-distinct monumental traditions and asks if these reflect different conceptions of the world. He uses a long-term perspective to explain the nature of monumental landscapes in the Later Neolithic and considers whether Neolithic society as a whole might have been created and maintained through interactions at places where large-scale monuments were built. He ends by considering how the Neolithic was transformed in the Early Bronze Age through the manipulation of the material remains of the past. Neolithic Scotland provides a comprehensive, approachable and up-to-date account of the Scottish Neolithic. Such a book has not been available for many years. It will be widely welcomed.

Neolithic of Mainland Scotland

Neolithic of Mainland Scotland PDF Author: Kenneth Brophy
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press
ISBN: 074868574X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Archaeologists show us how the Neolithic human lived in mainland ScotlandWhat was life like in Scotland between 4000 and 2000BC? Where were people living? How did they treat their dead? Why did they spend so much time building extravagant ritual monuments? What was special about the relationship people had with trees and holes in the ground? What can we say about how people lived in the Neolithic and early Bronze Age of mainland Scotland where much of the evidence we have lies beneath the ploughsoil, or survives as slumped banks and ditches, or ruinous megaliths?Each contribution to this volume presents fresh research and radical new interpretations of the pits, postholes, ditches, rubbish dumps, human remains and broken potsherds left behind by our Neolithic forebears.From the APFWhat was life like in Scotland between 4000 and 2000BC? Where were people living? How did they treat their dead? Why did they spend so much time building extravagant ritual monuments? What was special about the relationship people had with trees? Why was so much time and effort spent digging holes and filling them back up again? What can we say about how people lived in the Neolithic and early Bronze Age of mainland Scotland where much of the evidence we have lies beneath the plough soil, or survives as slumped banks and filled ditches, or ruinous megaliths?This book will draw together leading experts and young researchers to present fresh research and outline radical new interpretations of the pits, postholes, ditches, rubbish dumps, human remains and broken potsherds left behind by our Neolithic forebears. Much of this evidence has come to light in the past few decades, putting the emphasis very much lowland, mainland Scotland as opposed to more famous Orcadian Neolithic sites. Inspired by the work of Gordon Barclay, the leading scholars of Scotland's Neolithic in the last 40 years, the chapters in this book offer a wide-ranging analysis of the evidence we have for the first farmers in Scotland.

Timber Circles in the East

Timber Circles in the East PDF Author: Patrick Taylor
Publisher:
ISBN: 9781907154607
Category : Antiquities, Prehistoric
Languages : en
Pages : 116

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Newgrange and the Bend of the Boyne

Newgrange and the Bend of the Boyne PDF Author: Geraldine Stout
Publisher: Cork University Press
ISBN: 1859183417
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 233

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Book Description
The book is also concerned with the future of this protected cultural landscape and recommends actions to ensure its' preservation."--Cover.

A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany

A Guide to the Stone Circles of Britain, Ireland and Brittany PDF Author: Aubrey Burl
Publisher: Yale University Press
ISBN: 9780300114065
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 300

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Book Description
This practical and knowledgeable guidebook deals comprehensively with the stone circles of Britain and Ireland and with the cromlechs and megalithic "horseshoes" of Brittany. This new edition includes a section on "Druidical" circles, romantic creations of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries. "This book is not only an elegant and practical guide, it is also the best single-volume study of this extraordinary phenomenon, embracing 500 monuments from Shetland to Brittany. . . . Confident, erudite, pleasurable, this volume can be recommended as travel guide, archaeology, literature, and sheer good company."--Ian Sheperd, British Archaeology "This is a wonderful book and is a must for anyone remotely interested in things megalithic."--Paul Walsh, Archaeology Ireland

Ancient Astronomy

Ancient Astronomy PDF Author: Clive L. N. Ruggles
Publisher: ABC-CLIO
ISBN: 1851094776
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 518

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Book Description
Long before astronomy was a science, humans used the stars to mark time, navigate, organize planting and dramatize myths. This encyclopaedia draws on archaeological evidence and oral traditions to reveal how prehistoric humans perceived the skies and celestial phenomena.

Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland

Proceedings of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland PDF Author: Society of Antiquaries of Scotland
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Archaeology
Languages : en
Pages : 592

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Book Description
Includes List of members.

Prehistoric Britain

Prehistoric Britain PDF Author: Timothy Darvill
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1136973044
Category : Social Science
Languages : en
Pages : 416

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Book Description
Britain has been inhabited by humans for over half a million years, during which time there were a great many changes in lifestyles and in the surrounding landscape. This book, now in its second edition, examines the development of human societies in Britain from earliest times to the Roman conquest of AD 43, as revealed by archaeological evidence. Special attention is given to six themes which are traced through prehistory: subsistence, technology, ritual, trade, society, and population. Prehistoric Britain begins by introducing the background to prehistoric studies in Britain, presenting it in terms of the development of interest in the subject and the changes wrought by new techniques such as radiocarbon dating, and new theories, such as the emphasis on social archaeology. The central sections trace the development of society from the hunter-gatherer groups of the last Ice Age, through the adoption of farming, the introduction of metalworking, and on to the rise of highly organized societies living on the fringes of the mighty Roman Empire in the 1st century AD. Throughout, emphasis is given to documenting and explaining changes within these prehistoric communities, and to exploring the regional variations found in Britain. In this way the wealth of evidence that can be seen in the countryside and in our museums is placed firmly in its proper context. It concludes with a review of the effects of prehistoric communities on life today. With over 120 illustrations, this is a unique review of Britain's ancient past as revealed by modern archaeology. The revisions and updates to Prehistoric Britain ensure that this will continue to be the most comprehensive and authoritative account of British prehistory for those students and interested readers studying the subject.

The Gods' Machines

The Gods' Machines PDF Author: Wun Chok Bong
Publisher: Frog Books
ISBN: 9781583942079
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 536

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Book Description
Based on the author’s decipherment of prehistoric carvings and the application of mathematical measurements, The Gods’ Machines shows how “unknown” phenomena from Angkor Wat to Stonehenge to crop circles are actually powerhouses built by an advanced extraterrestrial civilization for tapping electromagnetic energy. The book traces the development of that civilization on Earth over 5,000 years, revealing how all these structures are aligned according to a universal formula: an angle of 135 degrees at which Earth’s energy has been tapped by the alien creators of these monuments. These fascinating theories not only explain our distant past, but also open the door to a future of power technology and space travel. Megalithic sites such as Newgrange and Stonehenge are constructed with quartz- and iron-rich stones with electrical conduction properties — minerals also found atop Aztec temple and inside crop circles. These stones, according to the author, served as dry cell batteries when heated and stressed, and supplied energy to the builders’ traveling vehicles. Most interestingly, the author has tested his theory on today’s crop circles. The Gods’ Machines is certain to stimulate debate among readers interested in alternative history, ancient civilization, and extraterrestrial intelligence.