Modern Instrumental Methods of Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

Modern Instrumental Methods of Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants PDF Author: R. A. Nadkarni
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 0803114168
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 154

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Modern Instrumental Methods of Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants

Modern Instrumental Methods of Elemental Analysis of Petroleum Products and Lubricants PDF Author: R. A. Nadkarni
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 0803114168
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 154

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Methods of Analysis for Petrochemicals

Methods of Analysis for Petrochemicals PDF Author: Edwin Robert Littmann
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 392

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CONTENTS - Distillation of Naphtha, Gasoline, Kerosene, Jet Fuel and Similar Products - Vacuum Distillation - Distillation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Determination of High-Boiling Fractions in Isopropyl Ether - Test for Light Ends in Isobutylene and Similar Products - Flash Point by the Tag Closed Tester (Abel Flash Point) - Flash and Fire Points by the Cleveland Open Cup (Marcusson Flash Point) - Flash Point by the Pensky-Martens Closed Tester - Determining the Nonvolatile Matter in CTLA Polymers - Rapid Method for Comparative Evaporation Rates of Solvents - Gravity of Petroleum Products by the Hydrometer - Specific Gravity by Means of the Pycnometer - Viscosity Determination by the Saybolt Viscometer - Determination of the Kinematic Viscosity of Petroleum Products by Glass Viscometers - Color of Petroleum Products by the Tag-Robinson Colorimeter (Color Stability of Lubricants) - Color of White Petroleum Products by the Saybolt Chromometer - Determining the Color of Solvents by the Platinum-Cobalt System - Gardner's Method of Determining the Color of Solvents - Determination of the Acid Wash Color of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Sulfur by Lamp (Closed System) - Doctor Test - Determination of Sulfur in Petroleum Products - Heavier than Illuminating Oils - Qualitative Detection of Sulfur Gases in Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Detection of Thiophene in Benzene - Ash and Water-Soluble Ash Content of Petroleum Oils - Cloud and Pour Points of Petroleum Products (Dilute Pour Point) - Detecting Oxidizable Matter in Solvents (Permanganate Test) - Permanaganate Time Test (Improved Visual Method) - Holde Hard Asphalt Test - Determination of the Gumming Properties of Gasoline by Means of a Copper Dish - Determination of Water in Petroleum Products by the Karl Fischer Reagent - Determination of Water in Hydrocarbon Gases by the Karl Fischer Reagent - Acidity of Industrial Aromatic Hydrocarbons - Determination of the Unsaponifiable Matter in, and the Neutralization Number of, Naphthenic Acids - Aniline Point - Wijs' Iodine Number - Bromine Number (Lewis and Bradstreet Method) - Determination of the Bromine Index of Xylene - Determination of the Available Cyclopentadiene and Methylcyclopentadienes in Dimers - Determination of Cyclopentadiene in Isoprene - Determination of the Total Conjugated Diolefin Content of Isoprene - Complete Analysis of Distilled Isobutylene by Infrared Spectrometry - Solubility of Pentachlorophenol in Petroleum Oils - Determination of Lower Ketones - Determination of the Alcohol Content by Acetylation - Water Dilution of Alcohol - Determination of Alcohol Content by Specific Gravity - Test for Mixed Alcohols (Hydroxyl Number) - Acetone in Isopropyl Alcohol by Ultraviolet Spectrometry - Ester Content of Solvents - Tests for Specification Grades of Ethyl Ether - Determination of the Carbonyl Compounds in Petrochemical Products (Carbonyl Number) - Determination of Peroxides in Isopropyl Ether - Peroxide Number of Petroleum Products - Determination of the Residual Odor of Heavy Petroleum Solvents - Amino-Type Inhibitors in Gasoline - Determination of tert-Butylcatechol Inhibitor in Unsaturated Heavy Hydrocarbons - Flash Point by the Tag Open Cup-a-Naphthol in Ether - Sampling and Testing Lacquer Solvents and Diluents - Index -

Water Pollution Control Research Series 12020---02/70: Petrochemical Effluents Treatment Practices, Summary

Water Pollution Control Research Series 12020---02/70: Petrochemical Effluents Treatment Practices, Summary PDF Author: United States. Federal Water Quality Administration
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages : 98

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The Characteristics and Pollutional Problems Associated with Petrochemical Wastes

The Characteristics and Pollutional Problems Associated with Petrochemical Wastes PDF Author: Engineering-Science, Inc
Publisher:
ISBN:
Category : Factory and trade waste
Languages : en
Pages : 98

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Fuels and Lubricants Handbook

Fuels and Lubricants Handbook PDF Author:
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN:
Category :
Languages : en
Pages :

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Advances in Petrochemicals

Advances in Petrochemicals PDF Author: Vivek Patel
Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand
ISBN: 9535121766
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 152

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Book Description
The petrochemical industry is an important area in our pursuits for economic growth, employment generation, and basic needs. It is a huge field that encompasses many commercial petrochemical and polymer-enabled products. The book is designed to help the reader, particularly students and researchers of petroleum science and engineering, to understand synthesis, processing, mechanics, and simulation of the petroleum processes. The selection of topics addressed and the examples, tables, and graphs used to illustrate them are governed, to a large extent, by the fact that this book is aimed primarily at petroleum science and engineering technologists. Undoubtedly, this book contains must read materials for students, engineers, and researchers working in the area of petrochemicals and petroleum and provides valuable insights into the related synthesis, processing, mechanisms, and simulation. This book is concise, self-explanatory, informative, and cost-effective.

Chemometric Methods in Analytical Spectroscopy Technology

Chemometric Methods in Analytical Spectroscopy Technology PDF Author: Xiaoli Chu
Publisher: Springer Nature
ISBN: 981191625X
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 596

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Book Description
This book discusses chemometric methods for spectroscopy analysis including NIR, MIR, Raman, NMR, and LIBS, from the perspective of practical applied spectroscopy. It covers all aspects of chemometrics associated with analytical spectroscopy, including representative sample selection algorithm, outlier detection algorithm, model updating and maintenance algorithm and strategy and calibration performance evaluation methods.To provide a systematic and comprehensive overview the latest progress of chemometric methods including recent scientific research and practical applications are presented. In addition the book also highlights the improvement of classical algorithms and the extension of common strategies. It is therefore useful as a reference book for researchers engaged in analytical spectroscopy technology, chemometrics, analytical instruments and other related fields.

Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Testing and Disposal

Hazardous and Industrial Solid Waste Testing and Disposal PDF Author: American Society for Testing and Materials
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN: 0803109318
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 471

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Catalysis in Petrochemical Processes

Catalysis in Petrochemical Processes PDF Author: M.S. Matar
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9789027727213
Category : Science
Languages : en
Pages : 216

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Book Description
The field of petrochemicals started some years ago with the simple addition reaction of water to propylene for the production of isopropyl alcohol. Currently, the petrochemical industry has become a multi-billion dollar enterprise which encompasses a wide field of chemical products. Almost all the basic organic reactions such as hydrogenation, alkylation, substitution, polymerization, etc. are utilized for the production of these chemicals. It may not, however, have been possible to establish this huge industry without the use of different catalysts. In other words, the great advancements in the catalytic area have supported the vast developments in the petrochemical field. In this book, we have adopted the idea of discussing the petrochemical industry from the point of view of reactants' activities and susceptibilities toward different catalysts. The book is thus classified according to the reaction type. This will eriable students and other users of the book to base their understanding of the petrochemical field on the fundamental principles learned in chemistry. How ever, the first chapter is aimed at establishing some basic facts on the petro chemical industry and its major uses. It discusses, without going into details, the raw materials used, the intermediates and the downstream products. The next eight chapters discuss in some detail the main reactions and the catalysts used for the production of chemicals and polymers from petroleum. The last chapter is devoted to a discussion of some of the practical techniques used in the catalytic field.

Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products

Significance of Tests for Petroleum Products PDF Author: Salvatore J. Rand
Publisher: ASTM International
ISBN:
Category : Technology & Engineering
Languages : en
Pages : 258

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Book Description
Revised regularly since its first publication in 1934 (the sixth edition was published in 1993), this seventh-edition manual does not aim to present exhaustive coverage, but instead focuses on discussing what tests are done on various petroleum products, and why they are done. Twenty contributions c