Astrology and Numerology in Medieval and Early Modern Catalonia

Astrology and Numerology in Medieval and Early Modern Catalonia PDF Author: John Scott Lucas
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004132429
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
From a late 15th-century Catalan incunable and drawing on a rich tradition of astrological magic, geomancy, Pythagorean numerology and Hebrew gematria, this practical manual reveals a unique expression of medieval syncretism, the mingling of traditions and the development of new ideas.

Astrology and Numerology in Medieval and Early Modern Catalonia

Astrology and Numerology in Medieval and Early Modern Catalonia PDF Author: John Scott Lucas
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9789004132429
Category : Body, Mind & Spirit
Languages : en
Pages : 256

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Book Description
From a late 15th-century Catalan incunable and drawing on a rich tradition of astrological magic, geomancy, Pythagorean numerology and Hebrew gematria, this practical manual reveals a unique expression of medieval syncretism, the mingling of traditions and the development of new ideas.

The Review of Rabbinic Judaism

The Review of Rabbinic Judaism PDF Author: Alan Avery-Peck
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004144846
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 349

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Book Description
The "Review of Rabbinic Judaism," the first and only annual to focus upon Rabbinic Judaism in particular, will publish principal articles, essays on method and criticism, systematic debates ("Auseindersetzungen"), occasional notes, long book reviews, reviews of issues of scholarly journals, assessments of textbooks and instructional materials, and other media of academic discourse, scholarly and educational alike. The "Review" fills the gap in the study of Judaism, which is left by the prevailing division of Rabbinic Judaism among the standard historical periods (ancient, medieval, modern) that in fact do not apply; and by the common treatment of the Judaism in bits and pieces (philosophy, mysticism, law homiletics, institutional history, for example). No annual in "Jewish studies" focuses upon the study of religion, let alone upon the single most important Judaism of all time.

A Kingdom of Stargazers

A Kingdom of Stargazers PDF Author: Michael A. Ryan
Publisher: Cornell University Press
ISBN: 0801463165
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 232

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Book Description
Astrology in the Middle Ages was considered a branch of the magical arts, one informed by Jewish and Muslim scientific knowledge in Muslim Spain. As such it was deeply troubling to some Church authorities. Using the stars and planets to divine the future ran counter to the orthodox Christian notion that human beings have free will, and some clerical authorities argued that it almost certainly entailed the summoning of spiritual forces considered diabolical. We know that occult beliefs and practices became widespread in the later Middle Ages, but there is much about the phenomenon that we do not understand. For instance, how deeply did occult beliefs penetrate courtly culture and what exactly did those in positions of power hope to gain by interacting with the occult? In A Kingdom of Stargazers, Michael A. Ryan examines the interest in astrology in the Iberian kingdom of Aragon, where ideas about magic and the occult were deeply intertwined with notions of power, authority, and providence. Ryan focuses on the reigns of Pere III (1336–1387) and his sons Joan I (1387–1395) and Martí I (1395–1410). Pere and Joan spent lavish amounts of money on astrological writings, and astrologers held great sway within their courts. When Martí I took the throne, however, he was determined to purge Joan’s courtiers and return to religious orthodoxy. As Ryan shows, the appeal of astrology to those in power was clear: predicting the future through divination was a valuable tool for addressing the extraordinary problems—political, religious, demographic—plaguing Europe in the fourteenth century. Meanwhile, the kings' contemporaries within the noble, ecclesiastical, and mercantile elite had their own reasons for wanting to know what the future held, but their engagement with the occult was directly related to the amount of power and authority the monarch exhibited and applied. A Kingdom of Stargazers joins a growing body of scholarship that explores the mixing of religious and magical ideas in the late Middle Ages.

Prognostication in the Medieval World

Prognostication in the Medieval World PDF Author: Matthias Heiduk
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG
ISBN: 3110499770
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 1039

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Book Description
Two opposing views of the future in the Middle Ages dominate recent historical scholarship. According to one opinion, medieval societies were expecting the near end of the world and therefore had no concept of the future. According to the other opinion, the expectation of the near end created a drive to change the world for the better and thus for innovation. Close inspection of the history of prognostication reveals the continuous attempts and multifold methods to recognize and interpret God’s will, the prodigies of nature, and the patterns of time. That proves, on the one hand, the constant human uncertainty facing the contingencies of the future. On the other hand, it demonstrates the firm believe during the Middle Ages in a future which could be shaped and even manipulated. The handbook provides the first overview of current historical research on medieval prognostication. It considers the entangled influences and transmissions between Christian, Jewish, Islamic, and non-monotheistic societies during the period from a wide range of perspectives. An international team of 63 renowned authors from about a dozen different academic disciplines contributed to this comprehensive overview.

The Occult World

The Occult World PDF Author: Christopher Partridge
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 1317596757
Category : Religion
Languages : en
Pages : 780

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Book Description
This volume presents students and scholars with a comprehensive overview of the fascinating world of the occult. It explores the history of Western occultism, from ancient and medieval sources via the Renaissance, right up to the nineteenth and twentieth centuries and contemporary occultism. Written by a distinguished team of contributors, the essays consider key figures, beliefs and practices as well as popular culture.

Spiritual Calculations

Spiritual Calculations PDF Author: Christine Cooper-Rompato
Publisher: Penn State Press
ISBN: 0271092033
Category : Literary Criticism
Languages : en
Pages : 263

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Book Description
Medieval English sermons teem with examples of quantitative reasoning, ranging from the arithmetical to the numerological, and regularly engage with numerical concepts. Examining sermons written in Middle English and Latin, this book reveals that popular English-speaking audiences were encouraged to engage in a wide range of numerate operations in their daily religious practices. Medieval sermonists promoted numeracy as a way for audiences to appreciate divine truth. Their sermons educated audiences in a hybrid form of numerate practice—one that relied on individuals’ pragmatic quantitative reasoning, which, when combined with spiritual interpretations of numbers provided by the preacher, created a deep and rich sense in which number was the best way to approach the sacred mysteries of the world as well as to learn how one could best live as a Christian. Analyzing both published and previously unpublished sermons and sermon cycles, Christine Cooper-Rompato explores the use of numbers, arithmetic, and other mathematical operations to better understand how medieval laypeople used math as a means to connect with God. Spiritual Calculations enhances our understanding of medieval sermons and sheds new light on how receptive audiences were to this sophisticated rhetorical form. It will be welcomed by scholars of Middle English literature, medieval sermon studies, religious experience, and the history of mathematics.

Till God Inherits the Earth

Till God Inherits the Earth PDF Author: Alejandro García Sanjuán
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004153586
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 570

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Book Description
This volume deals with the origins and evolution of the Islamic institution of pious endowments in al-Andalus and provide us with a complete review of relevant issues such as the structure of economic property, the idea of charity, the concept of general or common interest and the social and juridical role of men of religion.

The Secret Faith of Maestre Honoratus

The Secret Faith of Maestre Honoratus PDF Author: Maud Kozodoy
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
ISBN: 0812291816
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 320

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Book Description
Until the summer of 1391, when anti-Jewish riots spread across the Iberian peninsula, the person subsequently known as Honoratus de Bonafide, a Christian physician and astrologer at the court of King Joan I of Aragon, had been the Jew Profayt Duran of Perpignan. The precise details of Duran's conversion are lost to us. We do know, however, that like many other conversos, he began to conduct his professional and public life as a Christian even as he rejected that new identity in private. What is extraordinary in his case is that instead of quietly making his individual way, he began to write works in Hebrew—including anti-Christian polemics—that revealed his intense inner commitment to remaining a Jew. Forced to reconceptualize Judaism under the pressures of his life as a converso, Duran elevated the principle of inner "intention" above that of ritual observance as the test of Jewish identity, ultimately claiming that the end purposes of Judaism can be attained through the study, memorization, and contemplation of the Hebrew Bible. Duran also conceived of Judaism as a profoundly rational religion, with a proud heritage of scientific learning; the interplay between scientific knowledge and Jewish identity took on a central role in his works. Drawing on archival sources as well as published and unpublished manuscripts, Maud Kozodoy marshals rarely examined facts about the consumption and transmission of the sciences between the medieval and early modern periods to illuminate the thought—and the faith—of one of Jewish history's most enigmatic and fascinating figures.

Church, State, Vellum, and Stone

Church, State, Vellum, and Stone PDF Author: Therese Martin
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 904741618X
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 584

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Book Description
The essays in this volume, written in honor of retired scholar John Williams, treat a variety of topics pertaining to Medieval Spain; providing an interdisciplinary, international, and intergenerational view of current work in the field.

Inventing the Sacred

Inventing the Sacred PDF Author: Andrew W. Keitt
Publisher: BRILL
ISBN: 9004145818
Category : History
Languages : en
Pages : 241

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Book Description
"Inventing the Sacred" analyzes the Spanish Inquisition's campaign to ferret out "false saints and scandalous impostors" whose claims of divinely inspired visions and revelations threatened the Catholic church's efforts to monopolize access to the supernatural.